The small coastal town of Kiama (New South Wales) has a very distinctive tourist attraction, the Kiama Blowhole. The Kiama Headland is composed of volcanic rock called latite. A volcanic extrusion known as a dykea sheet of rock that formed in a crack in a pre-existing rock body, cuts through the latite. The dyke is composed of a softer rock called basalt. Over millions of years the softer basalt has eroded faster than latite creating a tunnel under the headland. Eventually part of the headland collapsed creating this spectacular spot on the east coast of Australia. Continue reading
Byron Bay, a beach side town that is more or less a must for everyone travelling on the east coast of Australia, is overlooked by the stunning Cape Byron Lighthouse.
Perched on top a precipitous cliff on the most easterly point of the Australian mainland is the prominent Cape Byron Lighthouse. It was completed in 1901, and is the most powerful light in Australia with a beam visible for 27 nautical miles (50 km) and a distinctive white flash every 15 seconds. Cape Byron is one of the thirteen lighthouses built in New South Wales between 1858 and 1903 when the coastal trade route of the eastern seaboard was much like the Pacific Highway is today. Continue reading